There are three main types of termites: Drywood Termites, Dampwood Termites and subterranean Termites. Termites feed on the cellulose in timber, but will embark on exploratory feeding. Like ants, termites live in a caste system, comprising of Queen, King, Soldier and Worker.
A mature nest contains millions of termites with the queen termite living up to 20 year and laying 20.000 eggs daily. Winged termites, the future King and Queen, are swarming in search for new nesting sites. They are most often seen during the monsoons. Some species create mud tunnels to shelter their trails. We at GingerBay Services treat termite infested area in Bangalore, Ernakulam, Chennai and Coimbatore
Cellulose being their main food source, they will destroy any wooden structure, weakening important construction parts, such as ceilings, timber floors and wall panels. Their feeding habit makes them the single most damaging pest in India.
Their exploratory feeding poses a threat to valuable documents and is the cause for electrical short circuits and consequently fires.
The small size of termites enables them to virtually enter any room through cracks less than ‘3 mm wide, causing damage and contamination. The huge number of winged termites, especially after rains, makes them a nuisance and their dropped of wings make the appearance of rooms messyImplications of problems
Their search for food and their small size makes them enter the premises, where they do damage by destroying any structure that contains cellulose, especially wood, and they contaminate areas they get in contact with.
The maintenance costs in termite infected premises increases significantly, especially when their mud tunnels are built
The habit of feeding on wooden structures weakens the construction of buildings and makes immediate action necessary. If untreated, they may weaken the structure to a point when the whole building is no longer safe to inhabit and use.
The risk of electric short circuits and fires poses a risk to the company and can result in the loss of life and property.
Subterranean termites are serious pests, whose control is best left to professionals. Termites and termite management services can be confusing, however, and there are more options available today than ever before. Some of the most common termite questions raised by homeowners are answered below.Are Termites Worrisome?
Termites cause billions of dollars in damage each year. They primarily feed on wood, but also damage paper, books, insulation, and even swimming pool liners and filtration systems. While buildings may become infested at any time, termites are of particular importance when buying or selling a home since a termite inspection/infestation report is normally a condition of sale. Termites can injure living trees and shrubs, but more often are a secondary invader of woody plants already in decline. Besides the monetary impact, thousands of winged termites emerging inside one's home are an emotionally trying experience.When are termites generally seen?
Spring typically is when large numbers of winged termites, known as "swarmers," emerge inside homes. In nature, termites swarm to disperse and start new colonies. Triggered by warmer temperatures and rainfall, the winged termites emerge from the colony and fly into the air.
The swarmers then drop to the ground, shed their wings, pair off with a mate, and attempt to begin new colonies in the soil. Few swarmers emerging outdoors survive to start new colonies. Swarmers emerging indoors are incapable of eating wood, seldom survive, and are best removed with a vacuum. They do, however, indicate that an infestation is present.What are the symptoms of termite infestation?
Discovering winged termites indoors almost always indicates an infestation warranting treatment. People often confuse winged termites with ants, which often swarm at the same time of year. Termites can be differentiated by their straight antennae, uniform waist and wings of equal size. (Ants have elbowed antennae, constricted waists and forewings that are longer than the hind wings.)
The swarmers are attracted to light and are often seen around windows and doors. Termite swarmers emerging from tree stumps, woodpiles, and other locations out in the yard are not necessarily cause for concern, and do not necessarily mean that the house is infested. On the other hand, if winged termites are seen emerging from the base of a foundation wall or adjoining porches and patios, there's a good chance the house is infested also and treatment may be warranted. Other signs of infestation are earthen (mud) tubes extending over foundation walls, support piers, sill plates, floor joists, etc. The mud tubes are typically about the diameter of a pencil, but sometimes can be thicker.
Termites construct these tubes for shelter as they travel between their underground colonies and the structure. To help determine if an infestation is active, the tubes may be broken open and checked for the presence of small, creamy-white worker termites.
If a tube happens to be vacant, it does not necessarily mean that the infestation is inactive; termites often abandon sections of tube while foraging elsewhere in the structure.
Termite-damaged wood is usually hollowed out along the grain, with bits of dried mud or soil lining the feeding galleries. Wood damaged by moisture or other types of insects (e.g., carpenter ants) will not have this appearance. Occasionally termites bore tiny holes through plaster or drywall, accompanied by bits of soil around the margin. Rippled or sunken traces behind wall coverings can also be indicative of termites tunnelling underneath.
Oftentimes there will be no visible indication that the home is infested. Termites are cryptic creatures and infestations can go undetected for years, hidden behind walls, floor coverings, insulation, and other obstructions. Termite feeding and damage can even progress undetected in wood that is exposed because the outer surface is usually left intact. Confirmation of infestation often requires the keen eye of an experienced termite inspector. However, even the most experienced inspector can overlook infestation or damage which is hidden.Can I treat the house myself?
A: Ridding a home of termites requires special skills. A knowledge of building construction is needed to identify the critical areas where termites are likely to enter. Many of these potential points of entry are hidden and difficult to access. Termite control also utilizes specialized equipment such as masonry drills, pumps, large-capacity tanks, and soil treatment rods. A typical treatment may involve hundreds of gallons of a liquid pesticide, known as a termiticide, injected into the ground alongside the foundation, beneath concrete slabs, and within foundation walls. In short, termite treatment is a job for professionals.Does a small infestation mean I have to treat the entire house?
Subterranean termite colonies may contain hundreds of thousands of individuals, foraging in many different directions. For the homeowner, localized or "spot" treatments are generally a gamble except in cases of retreatment. Reputable pest control firms will not warranty spot treatments, since it's likely that termites will eventually find other points of entry into the structure.Have I been "cheated" if termites continue to infest my house after treatment?
Not necessarily. Unlike other services such as plumbing or electrical work, termite control involves living creatures. The best treatments performed by knowledgeable firms may fail at times, when termites find their way through tiny, untreated gaps in the soil. While the intent is to establish a continuous, impenetrable chemical barrier, this is all but impossible to achieve in actual practice. In the case of baits, it may take several months for termites to initially find the below-ground installations and several months more to achieve control. For best solutions for Termite control contact Gingerbays in Bangalore, Chennai, Coimbatore and Ernakulam.
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